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Chesil Beach and the Fleet

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Last updated 10 July 2020

Copyright ©2019, Chickerell BioAcoustics and Chesil Multi-Media Project

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Ramsar site

A Ramsar site is a wetland site designated to be of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. The designated site is the whole of the Fleet and the adjacent section of Chesil Beach.

Railway

The railway line from Weymouth to Portland was built along the southern end of Chesil Beach. The line was opened in 1865. It closed to passengers in 1952 and finally closed to all traffic in 1965. The line included a bridge across the mouth of the Fleet and a track bed running along Hamm Beach. Click here for more information.


There have been a number of proposals to build a line from Weymouth to Bridport running the length of Chesil Beach over the last 150 years. A line was built from Upwey to Abbotsbury but could not be continued through lack of money. A line was also built from Maiden Newton to Bridport and then onwards to West Bay. More recently a proposal to build a light railway between Weymouth and West Bay has been mooted.

Reference points

A number of reference points along Chesil Beach and the Fleet foreshore were surveyed by Portsmouth University in 2005. The location of these points is known very accurately, and this can aid some research projects. A report setting out the details of the survey and locations of the reference points is available from the Fleet Study Group.

Rifle Range

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There are two rifle ranges in the area. For details of the currently active range see ‘Tidmoor Point’. The other range was constructed prior to WWI and is located on Chesil Beach close to the Ferrybridge car park. The remains of the target banking can be clearly seen, the remains of the concrete footpath and shooting area are less conspicuous due to pebble overwash during storms.

Rivers

No significant rivers drain into the Fleet

Rodden

A small village close to the Mid-Fleet

Rodden Hive

The boat landing area associated with Rodden

Ruppia

See ‘Tasselweed’

R - S

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SAC

Special Areas of Conservation. Chesil Beach and the Fleet is designation UK0017076. See the JNCC website for details.

Salinity

Defined as the level of dissolved inorganic salts in the water. Usually expressed as parts per thousand (ppt). Sea water around the UK has a typical salinity of 35ppt. In the Fleet the salinity typical reduces with distance up the Fleet from Ferrybridge where it connects to the sea. The salinity in the upper Fleet can be as low as 16ppt due to the freshwater entering from the streams. It can also on occasions rise above 35ppt due to evaporation.

Scaly Cricket

Pseudomogoplistes squamiger. A small insect, with a chestnut brown to grey body and pale legs, which are covered with minute scales. Wings are absent in both sexes so males cannot stridulate. First found in the UK on Chesil Beach in 1949. Now known from only two sites on the UK mainland and from the Channel Islands. For more information see the article by Peter Sutton in British Wildlife 10(3):145-151 · February 1999

Seabarn Hill

A 68 metre high hill located in the mid-Fleet between Butterstreet Cove and Herbury. It is the highest hill along the Fleet. On top is the old control tower and landing pad for the navy helicopter firing range in Lyme Bay. There are also the remains of an ant-aircraft battery from WWII.

Septarian nodules

See 'Turtle stones'

Shipmoor Point

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The promontory in the Upper Fleet marking the southern limit of the Swannery bay. It is also a GCR site.

Shipwrecks

There have been many shipwrecks on Chesil Beach as it forms a lee shore in a south-westerly gale. Any sailing ship failing to clear Portland Bill would inevitably end up on the beach. Many books have been written about shipwrecks along the Dorset coast and these should be consulted for further information.

Shrubby sea-blite

Suaeda vera is found all along the Chesil shoreline of the Fleet. It is a small shrub with evergeen leaves

Smallmouth

The entrance to the Fleet from Portland Harbour. Now in two parts since the new bridge was built and a new channel excavated. The old channel is now a small harbour and beach.

SPA

Special Protection Area. Chesil Beach and the Fleet is designation UK9010091.  SPA’s are designated under the Conservation of wild birds Directive. The Fleet is designated for two species: the little tern, Sterna albifrons, and the widgeon, Anas penelope.


South-West Coast Path

The South-West Coast Path runs from Poole Harbour right around the south-west peninsula to Minehead in Somerset. A section runs along the Fleet and parts of Chesil Beach. Click here for more information about the Dorset section or here for the South-West Coast Path website.


SSSI

Site of Special Scientific Interest. Chesil Beach and the Fleet Lagoon are a designated SSSI. Visit the Natural England website for details and a map.

Strangways Castle

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Located on a hill overlooking Chesil Beach near Abbotsbury. It was built by the Strangways family in the late 18th Century. It was destroyed by fire in 1913 and although rebuilt it was not re-occupied and was demolished in 1935. Now only the foundations remain.

Streams

A number of streams enter the Fleet. The main streams are at Abbotsbury and Langton Hive. Other streams are at Herbury, Fleet House, Butterstreet, and Chickerell Hive.

Sub-Tropical Gardens

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Located between Abbotsbury and Chesil Beach. Established in 1765 as the kitchen garden for the nearby Strangways Castle. Click here for more details

Swannery

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Located on the north shore of the upper Fleet near Abbotsbury.  Click here for more information.

The swans at Abbotsbury

Suaeda vera at Ferrybridge